PHLEARN MagazineHow Alfredo Oliva Channeled Edward Hopper to Capture “The Woman in the Window”

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How Alfredo Oliva Channeled Edward Hopper to Capture “The Woman in the Window”

Spanish photographer Alfredo Oliva doesn’t typically take photographs in Seville, the city where he lives. Instead, most of his images are captured on vacation, in places like Romania, Ecuador, and Iceland.

But one fortunate day, he brought his camera along with him on an afternoon walk in his hometown – just in case he saw something interesting. “I remember it was a beautiful spring day in Seville,” he says. “While I was walking the downtown, I saw a woman watching the street from the window of her hotel room.”

The scene caught his eye immediately, calling to mind some of the artworks he says have inspired and influenced his own style. “It suggested, to me, a certain sadness and melancholy,” says Alfredo. “A lonely woman, alone in her room – it reminded me of some of Edward Hopper’s paintings.”

Image credit: edwardhopper.net

Additionally, he says, he was struck by the graphic colors and lines created by the building and its surrounding environment, which he was able to really focus on once he pulled out his camera and started shooting.

“I really liked the contrast between the orange color of the façade and the blue sky,” he says. “I was also interested in the geometric repetition of the windows in the façade that created a certain minimalist rhythm.”

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Using his Canon 6D with a 24-70mm L, Alfredo got to work capturing the image as he’d pictured it in his mind. With plenty of light, he shot at a shutter speed of 1/600, an aperture of f/11, and his ISO set to 400, keeping a focal length of 52mm.

“I knew that when taking the photo from below in a low angle, the vertical lines of the façade would appear inclined,” he explains. “I decided to make a broad frame that would allow me to correct the perspective and crop the photo during post-processing.”

He was careful, however, to ensure his composition included a few key features – on top of his lonely subject and her well-designed environment.

“I was lucky to capture in the frame three swallows flying over a television antenna, which added interest to the scene,” Alfredo says. “I also liked the word ‘hotel’ on the building’s façade – the viewer has no doubt about the context in which the woman was photographed.”

From there, Alfredo used ACR and Adobe Photoshop to process the photo, but admitted the workflow was relatively uncomplicated. Other than bumping up the saturation, cleaning up a few distractions in the lower left corner, and fixing the letters in the façade with the clone-stamp tool, all he did to enhance his out-of-the-camera shot was choose an interesting aspect ratio.

“I decided to crop the image in a square format because I thought it would be a nice frame – there would be an interesting similarity between the squares of the windows and the square of the format of the photo,” says Alfredo. “This similarity of forms is always interesting, as the psychology of Gestalt pointed out.”

Alfredo’s resulting shot is not only a fitting homage to an artist who has inspired him for years, but an opportunity to play with the relationship between psychology and photography – a subject that Alfredo, as a professor of Developmental Psychology, is particularly passionate about.

“I think psychology can make interesting contributions to photography on aspects related to composition and aesthetics,” he says, noting he teaches about this exact topic at Seville University. “I am drawn to poetic images that are ambiguous and suggestive – like the image of the lonely woman in the hotel window.”


Alfredo’s photography can be found on Instagram, Facebook, and Flickr. He also writes about psychology’s impact on photography on his blog.

Jessi Gowan

Jessi Gowan is an award-winning writer and photographer who specializes in rural landscapes and fine art abstracts, with a focus on form and composition. Her photography has been included in a variety of publications, as well as in exhibitions in Canada and the United States.

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