PHLEARN MagazineThe Turbo Dandelion Wind Farm

The Turbo Dandelion Wind Farm

“Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one.”

– Albert Einstein

In the land of giants

With excitement and a sense of possibility I began my dawn hike. Step by squelchy step, across marshy moorland in Northumberland – England’s northernmost county.  I was walking in a mythical land of giants. And yet, on this cold morning, their existence was not in doubt. Indeed, the giants warmly welcomed me in their BFG fashion of whooping and waving their arms around.  Wind turbines tend to do that.

The Goal

The challenge I had set myself was to make a wind turbine look like a dandelion seed head!  An organic, fuzzy looking, ‘turbo dandelion’ set against a turbulent sky (should I drink less coffee?)

Time Stacking

For this I needed a large set of digital images, which I would capture by ‘interval shooting’ (timelapse).  In post they would be stacked and blended into one image.

Scouting the location

While I had previously visited this location, I had not pinpointed the exact place from which I would shoot.  So with the sun rising in the south east I scouted the west side of the moor until I found a turbine set against moody clouds.

Gear and Camera settings

To minimise weight and decisions, I took one compact system camera and a lens – a Fuji X-T1 & Fuji 16mm.  My only other carry was a sturdy old Manfrotto tripod.

Image Quality

I chose to shoot JPEGs (Fine) to keep the image file size low – and thereby help my ageing laptop to batch process 300 images relatively quickly.   300 RAW files would be too unwieldy.

Exposure settings

I wanted to capture some motion blur in the turbine blades, to help achieve a soft dandelion head effect.  With my camera set to ISO200 (to minimise noise) and Aperture Priority, I selected an aperture of F8.  This resulted in a shutter speed of 1/160th – slow enough to allow motion blur and helpful in getting unshaken shots in the wind.

Manual Focussing

Switching to Manual, I locked in these settings, and manually focussed on my main subject – vital steps to ensure the same exposure and focus across all images.

Interval Shooting (Timelapse) Settings

Within my camera’s menu I found ‘Interval Shooting’, then set the ‘interval’ (i.e. the delay between each shot) to 2 seconds and number of times’ (i.e.  the number of images required) to 300.   Key considerations for these were avoiding camera shake and having enough images to help me achieve an organic, soft look to the rotation of the turbine blades.

Northern Exposure

“There is no bad weather, only inappropriate clothing.
? Ranulph Fiennes

To help ensure stability in the wind, I set my tripod low, legs splayed wide,  I also used my body as a windshield, though with a cold easterly wind on my back, I quickly chilled.  My feet were getting wet too – I had forgotten to bring my wellies!  Thankfully a warm beany and fishing mittens preserved enough vital warmth to save the shoot.

From 300 to 1

Back at base camp (studio), I quaffed hot coffee and set my camera bag aside for an hour to acclimatise before removing the SD card, then loading and backing up my images.  

“Creativity is allowing yourself to make mistakes.  
Art is knowing which ones to keep.”  – Scott Adams

Now it was time for some fun – the transformation of 300 stills into one image of a ‘turbo dandelion’.   It was also time to ask quite an important question – one that begins and ends in one word.  How?

The answer emerged through experimentation, mistakes (aka. learning), and more coffee. I took some familiar tools and some unfamiliar tools and just played. However, the beginning was not promising – my JPEGs looked flat and a little underexposed.

Image 1: The first of the 300 JPEG set (unedited) – a bit underwhelming!

Some basic editing in Lightroom to adjust the lighting was certainly required.  These edits were then ‘synchronised’ to the other 299 images in the set – ready for exporting, then stacking and blending in StarStax – a free to download app.

Image 2:  After initial Lightroom edits

Image 3.  Blended image from StarStax

Using Google Nik plug-ins – Silver Efex Pro 2 and Analog Efex Pro  –  I converted the image to monochrome and then experimented with motion blur to the foreground.

Image 4.  Converted to B&W

Image 5.  After Analog Effects – Motion blur added to foreground

However, the image still did not look organic enough.  So I turned to Photoshop to bend and shape the turbine.   Using ‘puppet warp’, I found it quite tricky to get the curve in the turbine column to look how I wanted.  After several attempts – and a sanity break  – the turbine finally morphed into a ‘turbo dandelion’.  All that remained to be done – in Lightroom – was to add a little more drama to the lighting and clouds.

The title I chose for the final image was the ‘The Turbo Dandelion Wind Farm’.

Image 6.  After Photoshop edits

Image 7. Finished image:  ‘The Turbo Dandelion Wind Farm’

Post Script

‘The Turbo Dandelion Wind Farm’ reached the final 15 images of the Art of Building POTY 2016 and received widespread media coverage.


Derek Snee

Derek Snee is an impassioned street, people and architecture photographer. He lives in England’s northernmost county of Northumberland with his wife and a rather large Bermudian cat. Derek loves travel, coffee, and helping others to improve their photography and Lightroom skills. Two years ago he found the answer to a puzzling question on PHLEARN’s YouTube channel and is still PHLEARNing lots today.

KoeppiK [GFDL (https://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons
 

F-Stops: Everything You Need to Know

The f-stop can be a pretty daunting thing when you’re trying to wrap your head around the math and how it affects aperture. But, it doesn’t have to be so confusing. This guide will walk you through everything you need to know about f-stops so you can take perfect exposures every time.

 

How to Be a Pro Like a Pro: Part 1

Ready to make the leap from photo enthusiast to pro photographer? In the first installment of our two-part series, we discuss easy and effective practices for attracting clients and keeping them… like a pro. Plus, we talk about how to meet other pro photographers and the benefits of finding a mentor.

SUGGESTED TUTORIALS